Postgres CLI

Heroku toolbelt has many commands for viewing information and querying the Heroku Postgres database. Here is a breakdown of the most commonly used commands.

The Heroku Toolbelt pg commands require a working postgres command line client to be installed and available on your operating system path.

Postgres Information

To see all PostgreSQL databases provisioned by your application and the identifying characteristics of each (db size, status, number of tables, PG version, creation date etc…) use the heroku pg:info command.

$ heroku pg:info
=== HEROKU_POSTGRESQL_BROWN_URL (DATABASE_URL)
Plan:        Hobby-dev
Status:      available
Connections: 0
PG Version:  9.3.3
Created:     2014-03-20 23:33 UTC
Data Size:   6.5 MB
Tables:      1
Rows:        4/10000 (In compliance)
Fork/Follow: Unsupported
Rollback:    Unsupported

To continuously monitor the status of your database, pass pg:info through the unix watch command:

watch heroku pg:info

Running Queries on Postgres

psql is the native PostgreSQL interactive terminal and is used to execute queries and issue commands to the connected database. To establish a psql session with your remote database use heroku pg:psql. You must have PostgreSQL installed on your system to use heroku pg:psql.

$ heroku pg:psql
---> Connecting to HEROKU_POSTGRESQL_BROWN_URL (DATABASE_URL)
psql (9.2.6, server 9.3.3)
WARNING: psql version 9.2, server version 9.3.
         Some psql features might not work.
SSL connection (cipher: DHE-RSA-AES256-SHA, bits: 256)
Type "help" for help.

heroku-app-name::BROWN=> \dt
               List of relations
 Schema |     Name     | Type  |     Owner      
--------+--------------+-------+----------------
 public | pl0_programs | table | moiwgreelvvujc
(1 row)

heroku-app-name::BROWN=> 
heroku-app-name::BROWN=> SELECT * FROM pl0_programs;
  name  |           source            
--------+-----------------------------
 3m2m1  |                     3-2-1\r+
        |           
 ap1tb  | a+1*b\r                    +
        |           
 test   |                     a+1*b\r+
        |           \r               +
        |           
 lolwut |                     3-2-1\r+
        |           
(4 rows)

If you have more than one database, specify the database to connect to as the first argument to the command (the database located at DATABASE_URL is used by default).

$ heroku pg:psql HEROKU_POSTGRESQL_GRAY
Connecting to HEROKU_POSTGRESQL_GRAY... done

Reset your database

To drop and recreate your database use heroku pg:reset

$ heroku pg:reset DATABASE

 !    WARNING: Destructive Action
 !    This command will affect the app: heroku-app-name
 !    To proceed, type "pegjspl0" or re-run this command with --confirm heroku-app-name

> heroku-app-name
Resetting HEROKU_POSTGRESQL_BROWN_URL (DATABASE_URL)... done

Then restart the server

$ heroku ps:restart
Restarting dynos... done

There are many more Heroku toolbelt commands you can use for postgres. [TODO: Link to postgres command]

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