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Automate tasks, such as running unit tests or lint code, whenever code is committed to a GitHub repository.

GitHub Actions can run one or more tasks after specific events, such as commits, raising issues or pull requests.

An event triggers a configured workflow which contains one or more jobs. A job contains a one or more steps which defines actions to run.

Term Description
Event Triggers a workflow, e.g. Create pull request, push commit, etc.
Workflow Tope level configuration containing one or more jobs, triggered by a specific event
Job Set of steps executed in the same runner, multiple jobs execute in parallel within their own instance of a runner
Step Individual task that runs commands (actions), sharing data with other steps
Action Standalone commands defined within a step, custom commands or GitHub community
Runner A GitHub Actions server, listening for available jobs

Defining a workflow

.github/workflows/workflow-name.yml

name: learn-github-actions
on: [push]
jobs:
  check-bats-version:
    runs-on: ubuntu-latest
    steps:
      - uses: actions/checkout@v2
      - uses: actions/setup-node@v1
      - run: npm install -g bats
      - run: bats -v

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